AMERICAN WW1 PLANES
The American Aircraft Industry Launches
Curtiss 18T, the American triplane
It's the paradox that in the Wright Brother's country, almost no US-built plane effectively took part in the operations against Europe, contrary to the troops, engaged en masse before completing training during the famous German spring offensive. The main reason, of course, was that between the declaration of war and effective start of the operations and the end of the war, delays were too short. Perhaps the best known and anlso best overall plane of that era was the Vought SE-7. Designed as an advanced trainer, for pilots already trained on other aircrafts which needed an high-performances aircraft preparing them for fighters, the Vought SE-7 proved even better than contemporary European Entent fighter. Only the test of fire with the German Fokker VII ad VIII -less the pilot's own skills, would have show the American competence in this area where they had an initial lead.
The very strange Curtiss-Goupil Duck (1916) Built by Curtiss after drawings from 1883 patent by Alexander Goupil as an argument in patent war with the Wright Bothers.
Curtiss Jenny, which shaped an entire generation of pilots.
The earliest organism created was the Army Signal Corps, founded on August 2, 1909 and using Wright models for observation, which existed until April 6, 1917, when the Air Force, Navy and Marines had their own models, and of course the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.) which used a variety of models, mostly Europeans. There was a reason to this. When the excellent VE-7 thought for fighter conversion, the Army decided against it to the motive that for the sake of standardization and maintenance in operations it was better to stick with European planes. When later these models were ready for mass production, the armistice was signed.
Curtiss R-9J seaplane built for the Navy.
American plane Production during the war, April 6, 1917 to November 11, 1918:
Martin MB-2 bomber 1918
- Boeing Model 4/Boeing EA
- Burgess H,I,J,S, Twin Hydro
- Curtiss 18-B, 18-T, JN-4/6, R-4L, SE-5
- Dayton-Wright DH-4
- Engineering Division USB/D, XB-1A
- Heinrich Pursuit Victor
- J.V. Martin Bomber
- Lewis & Vought VE-7/8/9
- L.W.F. Reconnaissance
- Martin GM series
- Motor Products SX-6
- Ordnance Engineering Orenco A-D
- Packard-Le Père LUSAC/LUSAGH/LUSAO-11/21
- Pigeon-Fraser Pursuit
- Pomilio Brothers BVL-8/12
- Standard H, JR, SJ, M-defence, Caproni, H.P. O/400, Twin Hydro
- Fisher Body Caproni, SJ-1
- Dayton-Wright SJ-1
- Wright-Martin SJ-1
- Thomas-Morse MB
- Wright-Martin M-8
- Hewitt-Sperry Automatic Airplane
- Dayton-Wright Kettering Bug
-----BLIMPS & Dirigibles------------
- B class blimp – various manufacturers
European Models with the AEF
<<< Left: Nieuport 28, the most common American Expeditionary Force fighter.
Right Eddie Rickenbacker own Nieuport 28. The American Top ace.
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker, was the Captain of the 94th Aero Squadron and won a total of 26 victories (4 shared), ranking as American WW1 top ace, and was awarded the Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, the Legion Honneur Officier and Légion d'honneur, Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 for his service with the famous Lafayette escadrille
. Frank Luke Jr. followed as Lieutenant of the 27th Aero Squadron with 18 victories (4 shared) killed in Action on 29 September 1918.
Other 10+ aces gained fame in British service, like Captain Elliott White Springs for No. 85 Squadron RAF, and later 148th Aero Squadron after his transfer and claiming 16 victories (3 shared), Kenneth Russell Unger Lt. No. 210 Squadron RAF with 14 victories (4 shared), and George Augustus Vaughn Jr. Lt. No. 84 Squadron RAF, 17th Aero Squadron with 13 victories (7 shared), transferred to Air Service, US Army in August 1918 and Captain Clive Wilson Warman, No. 23 Squadron RAF (12 victories). In all, US Service counted at armistice day 17 former aces in French sercice (like Raoul Lufbery), 53 in British service and 50 in US service (not counting those transferred). They flew in the majority the Nieuport 28, and some the SPAD XIII they found quite superior.
- Dorand A.R.1/A.R.2
- Breguet 14
- Caudron G.3/4, R.11,
- Farman F.40/50
- Morane-Saulnier P/MoS.21 - AI/MoS.30
- Nieuport 10/12/17/21/23/24/27/28/80/81/83
- Salmson 2 A.2
- Sopwith 1 A.2
- SPAD S.VII/XI/XIII/XVI
- Voisin VIII/X
- Airco DH.9/504K
- Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2a/F.E.2b/S.E.5a
- Sopwith Camel F.1/Dolphin
- American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F.)
- Ansaldo S.V.A. 10
- S.I.A. 7B-1