WW1 Planes
An encyclopediae of 1914-18 aircraft types

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Rumpler Flugzeugwerke

Rumpler C.IV
Rumpler C.IV (wikimedia commons)

Rumpler Flugzeugwerke, contracted as Rumpler was a manufacturer founded in Berlin by Austrian engineer Edmund Rumpler in 1909. At that time it was named Rumpler Luftfahrtzeugbau. The first "product" manufactured copies of the Etrich Taube monoplane, known as the "Rumpler Taube" but soon turned to custom reconnaissance biplanes and also ventured into fighters and bombers prototypes during the course of the war. Like many other German manufacturers, Rumpler missed the post-war market and was liquidated in 1920.

Rumpler C.I
Rumpler C.I model (wikimedia commons)

Rumpler C.VII
Rumpler C.VII model (wikimedia commons)

Rumpler D.I
Rumpler D.I model (wikimedia commons)

Rumpler production

The following designations are factory ones for prototypes, followed by the production designation when tested by the Idflieg. Actual production models are in bold. The rest are assumed to be prototypes. When the production is known, it is figured in brackets, but in some case a "?" or an approximation are given (circa or "c").
  • Rumpler Taube - reconnaissance monoplane 1914 (c300)
  • Rumpler B.I - reconnaissance 1914 (c225)
  • Rumpler 4E - flying boat, 1914
  • Rumpler 4A 15 - bomber, 1915
  • Rumpler 5A/C.I & Ia - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler 5A 15/G.I - bomber, 1915
  • Rumpler 5A 16/G.II - bomber
  • Rumpler 6A/C.III - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler 6B - fighter floatplane 1916 (88)
  • Rumpler 6G 2/G.III - bomber
  • Rumpler 7C/C.IX - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler 7D - experimental fighters
  • Rumpler 8C/C.X - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler 8D/D.I - fighter
  • Rumpler C.IV - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler C.V - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler C.VI - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler C.VII - reconnaissance
  • Rumpler C.VIII - reconnaissance

Rumpler B1

Rumpler B1
Some naval floatplane 6B1 (wikimedia commons)

Under the factory designation 4A, this reconnaissance aircraft was a conventional, unarmed two-bay biplane with unstaggered wings of unequal span. It showed separated open cockpits in tandem for the pilot and observer and was given a fixed tailskid undercarriage. The upper wing was inspired by the Etrich Taube's design. In all, 198 were built by Rumpler for the Luftstreitkräfte, and 26 seaplanes for the Imperial German Navy. There were numerous factory-designation versions, the 4A/B.I with a Mercedes D.I engine, 4A13 with a balanced, comma-style rudder, the 4A14 with the Benz Bz.III engine, and the maritime 4B series, 4B1 with the Mercedes D.I engine, 4B2 with the Benz Bz.III, 4B11 with the Benz Bz.I and 4B12 with the Benz Bz.III engine. It was also used by the Ottoman aviation, and post-war by the Royal Danish Air Force.


Dimensions: 8.40 m (27 ft 7 in), 13.00 m (42 ft 8 in) and 3.10 m (10 ft 2 in).
Weight: 750 kg (1,650 lb)/970 kg (2,100 lb) max takeoff.
Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.I, 75 kW (100 hp)
Top speed: 145 km/h (90 mph)

Rumpler 6B1

Rumpler 6B1
Some naval floatplane 6B1 (wikimedia commons)

This fighter floatplane was born from a requirement of the Kaiserliche Marine. The Rumpler 6B was was compared to the Albatros W.4 and Hansa-Brandenburg W.9. It was an adaptation of a landplane design, in that case the two-seat C.I reconnaissance model. However for extra lift, a forward stagger was added to the wings, a larger rudder, and the observer's cockpit was removed. Of course floats were fitted under the wings, fitted on N-type struts. The horizontal tail surfaces was later also reduced. he 6B was armed with a fowrad 7.92 mm (.312 in) LMG 08/15 "Spandau" machine gun mounted on port side of the fuselage, near the engine. The first serie was called 6B-1 and 39 were produced delivered by the end of May 1917. The next 6B-2 appeared in October 1917, retained the Mercedes D.III engine but the structure was the same as the new C.IV. It was larger and showed more rounded horizontal tail surfaces. 49 were delivered until January 1918. In addition to the German Navy, the Rumpler 6B was also used by the Bulgarian Navy, Finnish Air Force and Royal Netherlands Navy.


Dimensions: 9.40 m (30 ft 10 in), 12.05 m (39 ft 6 in) x 11ft (6in)
Takeoff weight: 1,140 kg (2,513 lb)
Mercedes D.III 6-cylinder, liquid-cooled inline engine, 120 kW (160 hp)
Performance, top speed 153 km/h (83 kn, 95 mph), range: 4 hours, 5,000 m ceiling.

Blueprint of the 6B1
Blueprint of the 6B1 (wikimedia commons)

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