History of Ungarische Flugzeugfabrik AG
This first Hungarian aircraft manufacturer was funded by Freiherr Karl von Škoda
in Budapest during the war. It first manufactured Lohner aircrafts
under licence, and developed its own reconnaissance model, the C.I. Originally there was already a company founded in 1912 by the financial magnate Camillo Costiglione from Trieste, which owned several manufacturers prior and during the war: in Vienna, Albatros Werke and Phönix Flugzeugwerke, in Berlin, Hansa und Brandenburgische Flugzeugwerke GmbH. UFAG manufactured licensed products such as the Lohner B.II (39 in 1915), Brandenburg C.I. (330). Compared to the that about 186 Ufag C.I were built;
Ufag C.I, Summer 1918, Italian Front. From the Autumn (v.15 n. 3) 1974 issue of Cross & Cockade Journal. Charles Gray photograph. (Pinterest)
Thin Bloudek Era
Between 1916 and 1918, Slovenian engineer Stanko Bloudek headed the factory design team. He was the only one in charge on the construction of the Ufag C.I., a two-seat reconnaissance bomber adopted at the end of 1917. The aircraft was also used on the Greek and Balkanic front. Along with the Balaban workshop technical manager of the factory, they worked on an helicopter-like airship project. Specialized literature mentions the project as the "Balaban-Bloudek helicopter". The aircraft had an hexagonal propeller on its vertical axis, but having many problems with directional stability, the program was eventually canceled. The next factory project was a single-seater fighter, which was supposed to be competitive in terms of maneuverability. But the would-be fighter lacked a powerful engine to compete. Therefeore, the Ufag D.I. was supposed to be a monoplane with a wing span of 8.5 m and 380 kg empty weight. Due to the breakup of Austro-Hungaria in 1918 however, all work ceased even before the completion of the first prototype. The factory produced over a thousand aircraft during its three years of activity. At a ceremony in the company on the exact 1000th aircraft manufactured, Stanko Bloudek was photographed in front of a decorated plane with the registration number 161.121 for a memorial image of this event.
The Ufag C.I was a good all-around multipurpose biplane manufactured by UFAG and Phönix to a total of 166 planes
Ufag, since 1915 was only producing licenced combat aircraft, of the imperial German Jacob Lohner Werke und Sohn and Hansa & Brandenburgischen Flugzeugwerke GmbH; Eventually capitalizing with facilities, tooling, and this experience, the company decided to create its own design, given to Stanko Bloudek engineers team. In 1917 the C.I was developed (C.I was the Idflieg designation assigned to multi-purpose reconnaissance aircraft). After the initial three prototypes flew before the end of 1917, production was authorized as the plane was deemed suitable for the required role. Since the facory was already nearly at full capacity, the order was passed onto Phönix Flugzeugwerke, under licence.
The C.1 was a traditional tow-seat biplane made with a plywood structure and steel tubes covered with canvas. This fuselage had a square section, and was characterized by two open cabins in tandem. The observer one had a 190° ring machine-gun. The tail ended in a traditional single fletching model, with rudder and horizontal planes covered in canvas, the latter braced and triangular. The wing configuration was a of an equal span planes (upper and lower wings), but the upper one was slightly higher and connected to the fuselage by struts and fitted with ailerons; The lower one was further back to the rear; Both surfaces were connected by a pair of parallel tubular struts, integrated by tie rods in steel cables.
The landing gear was of a simple traditional type with a tubular frame under the fuselage and large wheels connected by a rigid axle, and a support shoe at the back. For propulsion, the C.I was fitted with a locally-produced Hiero 6 engine, a 6-cylinder, water-cooled, rated for 230 PS (169 kW). It was combined with a fixed pitch, two-blade wooden propeller. The armament consisted of two or three Schwarzlose MG M.07/12x8 mm caliber machine guns, one on the forward hood and the second at the rear, operated by the observer.
Ufag C.I Blueprint (Unknown origin)
The Ufag C.I was introduced in the first months of 1918 and after a positive evaluation, gradually assigned at least two Fliegerkompanie of the k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppen, Flik 47/F and 58/D, in which it was used for reconnaissance, including high altitude photography until the end of the war.
Dimensions: 7,50 m x 10,50 m x 2,90 m. 22,0 m² wing area.
Weight: 750 kg empty, 1 050 kg maximal take off
Propulsion: Hiero 6 cyl. 230 PS (169 kW), 190 km/h, 3 h autonomy, ceiling 4 900 m
Armament: 2-3 Schwarzlose MG M.07/12 cal. 8 mm machine guns.
Broken Wings: The Hungarian Air Force, 1918-45
Google Book: Italian and Austro-Hungarian Military Aviation On the Italian Front In World war one